- Type 2 diabetes
With diabetes, metabolic disorders, the body is either unable to produce enough insulin to regulate blood glucose levels, or the produced insulin is not able to work effectively.
According to a report published by Public Health England in 2014, overweight or obesity is the main modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes. According to the report, in 2014, 90 % of adults with type 2 diabetes in England were overweight.
While obesity increases the risk of diabetes, this metabolic state is the leading cause of early death, coronary heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and blindness.
To reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, try to lose weight, eat a balanced diet, sleep enough and exercise more.
- High blood pressure
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for developing heart disease, and it has been found to increase with weight gain and over time.
Although obesity is connected with hypertension, people also suffer from hypertension due to some other causes, such as genetics, excessive alcohol consumption, high salt intake, physical inactivity, stress, and the use of birth control pills.
Whatever the cause of high blood pressure was, try to lose weight, follow a diet, avoid high levels of sodium intake, drink moderately, and make exercise a part of your daily life.
- High cholesterol
Abnormal cholesterol levels in the blood are a risk factor for the development of coronary heart disease. The researchers concluded that public health measures should be aimed at preventing obesity in young people, as it increases the risk of excess cholesterol in the blood.
Apart from obesity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, genetics, diabetes, high blood pressure, or kidney and liver diseases also play a major role in high cholesterol.
According to studies, moderate weight loss in obese patients with type 2 diabetes, hypertension or hyperlipidemia, apparently improved glycemic control, lowered blood pressure and cholesterol levels, respectively. Modest weight loss has even increased life expectancy in obese people. It can be said that moderate weight loss has helped a significant part of obese people with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia experience positive health benefits.
- Heart disease and stroke
Obesity causes some cardiovascular problems. With an increase in BMI, the risk of cardiovascular diseases also rises. Obesity leads to the build-up of plaques inside the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart. Plaque impedes blood flow to the heart.
Moreover, obesity can cause or contribute to changes in the structure and function of the heart. The risk of sudden cardiac death, as well as stroke also increases with obesity.
The study highlights the need to take measures to end the obesity epidemic to reduce the burden of cardiovascular diseases.
If you are overweight, try to lose a few pounds, especially around the waist, to protect yourself from a heart attack or stroke.
Cancer occurs when some cells in the body begin to grow incorrectly.
Although there are several risk factors for cancer, excess weight is one of them. Obesity increases the risk of developing some kinds of cancer, such as breast, colon, rectum, uterus, gallbladder, and kidney cancers.
In fact, cancer mortality is higher in obese people.
Maintaining a healthy weight through a healthy diet and physical activity plays a key role in reducing the risk of cancer.